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Table 1 Amino acid content of common edible insects (% in crude protein of dry weight)

From: Edible insects as a food source: a review

NameStage/PartCrude protein (%)EssentialSemi-essential
IleLeuLysMetPheThrTrpValArgHisCysTyr
Blattodea (cockroach) 68.334.577.777.803.134.604.930.977.707.433.131.238.93
Blatta lateralisNymph76.007.7012.0012.803.407.707.901.7012.3014.005.501.4014.30
Periplaneta americanaAdult66.003.105.605.003.603.103.600.606.505.102.002.006.90
Periplaneta australasiaeAdult63.002.905.705.602.403.003.300.604.303.201.900.305.60
Coleoptera 41.755.588.135.551.383.683.250.785.905.102.601.134.50
Callipogon barbatus (longhorned beetle)Larva41.005.8010.005.702.004.704.000.707.005.902.002.004.20
Rhynchophorus phoenicis (African palm weevil)Larva33.007.805.906.401.203.301.400.505.50  1.101.40
Tenebrio molitor (Yellow mealworm beetle)Larva48.004.006.904.901.203.203.601.005.904.502.700.605.40
Zophobas morio (superworm)Larva45.004.709.705.201.103.504.000.905.204.903.100.807.00
Diptera 48.803.746.485.742.004.763.981.435.125.052.380.835.52
Copestylum anna (hoverfly)Larva37.004.007.405.501.905.404.900.706.106.302.901.806.60
Ephydra hiansLarva42.004.007.405.501.905.404.900.706.10 1.00 5.10
Hermetia illucens (soldier fly)Larva49.004.006.605.601.403.803.601.105.604.802.600.706.00
Musca domestica (house fly)Pupa62.003.505.305.202.604.203.20 3.404.202.600.404.80
Musca domestica (house fly)Larva54.003.205.706.902.205.003.303.204.404.902.800.405.10
Hemiptera 48.833.936.453.932.785.933.900.785.383.762.501.805.62
Aspongubus viduatus (melon bug)Adult27.002.102.301.603.601.101.80 2.601.302.102.101.70
Euschistus egglestoni (stink bug)Adult46.004.407.003.002.803.304.800.606.104.303.201.004.80
Hoplophorion monogramma (treehopper)Adult62.004.107.705.301.904.704.501.007.404.501.502.109.00
Krizousacorixa azteca (waterboatman)eggs64.005.008.003.502.906.204.001.106.00    
Pachilis gigasAdult65.004.206.904.503.6014.403.600.606.204.102.002.405.80
Umbonia reclinataAdult29.003.806.805.701.905.904.700.604.004.603.701.406.80
Hymenoptera 51.435.208.276.271.852.604.700.396.105.032.611.604.87
Apis mellifera (honeybee)Adult51.005.609.606.60 0.905.500.006.905.902.501.704.50
Apis mellifera (honeybee)Pupa49.005.607.707.30 0.504.600.005.905.602.701.004.90
Apis mellifera (honeybee)Larva42.006.009.407.00 0.806.100.006.206.002.601.302.00
Atta mexicana (leafcutting ant)Adult58.005.308.004.901.904.104.300.606.404.702.501.504.70
Brachygastra azteca (wasp)Pupa70.005.108.506.101.404.104.400.706.404.402.801.606.50
Parachartegus apicalis (wasp)Pupa50.004.207.705.802.004.304.700.505.704.302.902.007.10
 Bee broodImmature stages40.004.607.006.202.103.503.300.905.204.302.302.104.40
Isoptera (termite) 33.005.107.805.400.804.402.801.407.306.905.101.903.00
Macrotermes bellicosusDewinged adults33.005.107.805.400.804.402.801.407.306.905.101.903.00
Lepidoptera 65.254.586.456.331.385.103.751.007.454.171.501.23 
Anaphe venata (African silkworm)Larva58.002.101.300.900.002.100.400.001.800.300.800.002.50
Imbrasia epimethea (mopane caterpillar)Larva62.002.908.107.402.206.504.801.6010.206.602.001.907.50
Imbrasia truncata (mopane caterpillar)Larva65.002.407.307.902.206.204.701.7010.205.601.701.707.60
Usta terpsichore (mopane caterpillar)Larva76.0010.909.109.101.105.605.100.707.60  1.303.30
Orthoptera 59.173.987.405.121.454.373.530.655.125.351.931.30 
Acheta domesticus (cricket)Adult62.002.604.503.500.901.402.200.403.703.701.60 2.50
Boopedon flaviventris (boopies)Adult56.004.708.805.501.804.104.400.605.704.302.402.007.40
Gryllus assimilis (cricket)Adult56.003.406.605.001.202.903.300.705.305.802.100.504.50
Gryllodes silligatus (cricket)Nymph56.003.706.905.301.603.103.500.905.205.702.200.904.20
Sphenarium histrio (grasshopper)Adult60.005.308.705.700.704.404.000.605.106.601.101.307.30
Sphenarium purpurascens (grasshopper)Adult65.004.208.905.702.5010.303.800.705.706.002.201.806.30
Common Meat
 Beef  5.108.408.402.304.004.00 5.706.602.901.403.20
 Pork  4.907.507.902.504.105.10 5.006.403.201.303.00
 ChickenBroiler, breast 4.206.907.802.102.503.70 4.606.404.40 3.50
 Amino acid requirement in human nutrition (mg)  30.0059.0045.0016.00 23.006.0039.00 15.0016.00 
  1. The average data of each order are bold. The data were summarized by the following references: Józefiak et al. 2016, Kulma et al. 2016, Finke 2005, 2013, Mariod et al. 2011, Van Huis et al. 2013, Belluco et al. 2013, Ramos-Elorduy et al. 1997, Rumpold and Schluter 2013. Mean values are shown if multiple different reports exist
  2. Ile Isoleucine, Leu Leucine, Lys Lysine, Met Methionine, Cys Cysteine, Phe Phenylalanine, Tyr Tyrosine, Thr Threonine, Trp Tryptophan, Val Valine, Arg Arginine, His Histidine