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Table 2 Fat content (%) of common edible insects (% in crude fat of dry weight)

From: Edible insects as a food source: a review

NameStage/PartCrude fat (%)Saturated fatty acidsMonounsaturated fatty acidsPolyunsaturated fatty acids (EFA)
Total SFAC14:0C16:0C18:0Total MUFAC16:1 n7C18:1 n9Total PUFAC18:2 n6C18:3 n3
Blattodea (cockroach) 25.0537.181.2223.1311.4145.022.3341.8817.8516.430.75
Blatta lateralisNymph21.9048.301.9026.8018.1042.203.3038.009.608.700.70
Periplaneta americanaNymph28.2026.070.5419.474.7247.841.3545.7626.0924.170.79
Coleoptera 35.8137.681.6229.775.4053.127.3244.9113.0111.610.99
Copris nevinsoniLarva13.6044.021.7628.9713.2950.412.7547.665.573.920.84
Rhynchophorus phoenicis (African palm weevil)Larva50.2339.902.8534.201.7055.0019.6535.0522.8519.502.75
Tenebrio molitor (Yellow mealworm beetle)Larva38.0030.120.3928.200.8966.775.9860.633.112.840.18
Zophobas morio (superworm)Larva41.4236.691.4727.705.7040.310.9136.2920.5120.190.18
Diptera 21.9445.746.6322.532.1834.6516.8717.6316.0415.080.88
Hermetia illucens (soldier fly)Larva26.0067.939.8713.252.0217.394.0812.8414.6713.910.53
Musca domestica (house fly)Pupa15.5033.403.2027.602.2038.9020.6018.3017.0014.902.10
Musca domestica (house fly)Larva24.3135.896.8326.742.3147.6725.9221.7516.4416.440.00
Hemiptera 32.2545.441.1711.4232.3321.755.4517.9134.174.900.45
Aspongubus viduatus (melon bug)Adult54.2037.870.3431.333.4756.7810.6245.535.354.900.45
Tessaratoma papillosa 23.5541.46 0.4641.007.27 7.2753.35  
Meimuna opaliferaAdult19.0056.991.992.4752.531.200.280.9243.80  
Hymenoptera 18.7134.581.5423.838.4650.972.5743.994.073.390.60
Apis mellifera (honeybee)Adult12.3025.200.6014.409.3067.002.6045.207.807.80 
Apis mellifera (honeybee)Pupa20.1051.102.9035.1012.6048.900.6047.60   
Apis mellifera (honeybee)Larva18.9151.802.4037.3011.8048.200.7047.50   
Polyrhachis vicina (ant)Pupa22.0024.100.6017.674.3072.278.7761.433.602.070.80
 Bee broodImmature stages20.2520.701.2014.704.3018.500.2018.200.800.300.40
Isoptera (termite) 36.8048.982.1742.452.8617.942.1015.8433.0824.243.90
Macrotermes bellicosusDewinged adults36.8048.982.1742.452.8617.942.1015.8433.0824.243.90
Lepidoptera 37.9536.420.3626.929.1122.601.3721.2340.576.5133.94
Bombyx mori (domesticated silkworm)Pupa35.0028.800.1024.204.5027.701.7026.0043.607.3036.30
Imbrasia belina (mopane caterpillar)Larva23.3837.881.1531.904.7136.001.8034.2026.126.0219.60
Imbrasia truncata (mopane caterpillar)Larva16.4046.500.2024.6021.707.600.207.4044.407.6036.80
Samia ricinii (mopane caterpillar)Larva77.0032.500.0026.975.5319.101.7817.3348.175.1143.06
Orthoptera 19.9235.1713.8620.650.6718.811.5617.2546.1432.201.70
Acheta confirmata (cricket)Adult21.1432.8026.105.501.2033.502.4031.1033.9032.201.70
Brachytrupes portentosusAdult18.7037.531.6135.790.134.110.713.4058.37  
Common meat
 Beef  32.250.7716.749.5318.83 10.5249.0836.106.16
 Pork  41.043.4321.6812.7143.042.9339.3916.007.291.71
 Chicken  33.331.3322.678.0046.670.2741.3320.0014.000.67
 Fatty acid requirement in human nutrition (g)  26.90   30.85  16.9014.951.50
  1. SFA Saturated fatty acids: C14:0, myristic acid; C16:0, palmitic acid; C18:0, stearic acid. MUFA: C16:1 n7 – palmitoleic acid; C18:1 n9 – oleic acid. PUFA: C18:2 n6 – linoleic acid; C18:3 n3 – α-linolenic acid. The average data of each order are bold. The data were summarized by the following references: Elmadfa and Kornsteiner 2009, Wood et al. 2004, Józefiak et al. 2016, Kulma et al. 2016, Finke 2005, 2013, Mariod et al. 2011, Van Huis et al. 2013, Belluco et al. 2013, Rumpold and Schluter 2013. Mean values are shown if multiple different reports exist