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Table 2 Amino acid profiles of okra seed samples

From: Characterization of okra seed flours, protein concentrate, protein isolate and enzymatic hydrolysates

  WF DF PC PI PHT PHP PHC
Aspartic/asparagine 11.80 12.28 10.67 9.67 8.37 8.07 8.04
Threonine 3.44 3.35 1.67 7.80 6.94 6.70 7.80
Serine 4.64 4.71 6.62 6.59 6.14 5.92 6.82
Glutamic/glutamine 17.38 16.46 12.86 9.64 7.43 7.17 8.03
Proline 6.35 6.02 7.80 7.44 6.08 5.87 6.22
Glycine 5.87 6.94 8.28 7.81 7.23 6.98 7.82
Alanine 4.52 5.00 7.52 7.34 6.64 6.41 7.45
Cysteine 0.10 0.34 0.74 0.72 0.58 0.56 0.61
Valine 5.73 5.58 7.19 7.39 6.77 6.54 6.24
Methionine 0.85 0.92 1.40 3.08 7.07 6.83 6.62
Isoleucine 3.53 3.59 2.15 1.83 3.76 3.63 4.21
Leucine 7.32 7.91 6.33 5.42 6.41 6.19 5.84
Tyrosinea 2.54 2.52 1.69 1.68 3.70 4.73 5.41
Phenylalaninea 4.94 4.66 6.64 6.70 6.17 7.11 8.43
Histidine 4.09 3.83 2.10 2.51 4.40 4.25 2.12
Lysine 5.45 5.19 7.03 7.08 6.00 5.80 3.21
Arginine 11.34 10.58 9.20 7.19 6.23 6.02 3.75
Tryptophan 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.10 0.08 1.24 1.39
EAA 37.99 37.67 36.31 43.59 51.32 53.01 51.27
AAA 7.58 7.28 8.44 8.48 9.96 13.08 15.23
HAA 28.69 29.37 31.62 30.46 33.55 35.85 38.97
PCAA 20.88 19.61 18.34 16.79 16.63 16.06 9.08
NCAA 29.18 28.74 23.53 19.31 15.80 15.25 16.06
SCAA 0.95 1.26 2.15 3.80 7.65 7.38 7.23
BCAA 16.59 17.09 15.67 14.63 16.95 16.36 16.29
  1. Combined total of hydrophobic amino acids (HAA) = alanine, valine, isoleucine, leucine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, proline, methionine and cysteine; aromatic amino acids (AAA) = phenylalanine, tryptophan and tyrosine; positively charged amino acids (PCAA) = arginine, histidine, lysine; negatively charged amino acids (NCAA) = aspartic + asparagine, glutamic + glutamine, threonine, serine; essential amino acids (EAA) = histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, threonine, tryptophan, valine and aPhenylalanine and Tyrosine; Sulphur containing amino acids (SCAA) = methionine and cysteine; total branched chain amino acids (BCAA) = leucine, isoleucine, valine