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Table 4 Phenolic compounds identified in mung bean seeds

From: Nutritional, phytochemical and antioxidant properties of 24 mung bean (Vigna radiate L.) genotypes

No. Caffeic acid (μg g−1) Syringic acid (μg g−1) p-coumaric acid (μg g−1) Ferulic acid (μg g−1) Vitexin (μg g−1) Isovitexin (μg g−1)
Soluble Insoluble-bound Soluble Insoluble-bound Soluble Insoluble-bound Soluble Insoluble-bound Soluble Insoluble-bound Soluble Insoluble-bound
M1 3.26 ± 0.09 12.03 ± 0.04 n.d. n.d. 4.83 ± 0.12 2.95 ± 0.02 4.54 ± 0.25 3.49 ± 0.03 580.02 ± 13.45 463.25 ± 8.48 865.25 ± 7.04 363.50 ± 10.31
M2 2.45 ± 0.05 9.05 ± 0.11 n.d. n.d. 2.13 ± 0.03 4.81 ± 0.09 6.55 ± 0.10 4.96 ± 0.13 618.89 ± 10.24 208.52 ± 9.57 924.90 ± 0.98 175.07 ± 2.28
M3 4.33 ± 0.65 9.40 ± 1.46 n.d. n.d. 2.71 ± 0.04 1.73 ± 0.01 4.82 ± 0.20 2.83 ± 0.16 596.53 ± 13.23 172.00 ± 6.14 832.53 ± 9.44 143.79 ± 3.90
M4 n.d. 5.43 ± 0.04 n.d. n.d. 2.47 ± 0.03 2.38 ± 0.36 4.10 ± 0.09 8.98 ± 0.03 388.41 ± 4.95 174.83 ± 9.12 568.57 ± 2.91 202.70 ± 8.39
M5 4.40 ± 0.13 8.65 ± 0.10 n.d. n.d. 3.71 ± 0.06 1.74 ± 0.02 6.08 ± 0.14 3.54 ± 0.16 571.89 ± 11.86 246.11 ± 8.86 804.59 ± 10.28 204.60 ± 3.49
M6 15.12 ± 1.02 16.46 ± 0.19 n.d. n.d. 3.86 ± 0.21 2.53 ± 0.32 9.83 ± 0.84 3.72 ± 0.11 885.07 ± 5.09 335.02 ± 1.24 1335.59 ± 14.19 340.18 ± 4.77
M7 7.26 ± 0.08 12.46 ± 0.34 n.d. n.d. 5.02 ± 0.17 1.61 ± 0.02 5.56 ± 0.20 3.98 ± 0.14 611.47 ± 7.49 370.82 ± 7.88 963.84 ± 12.72 280.64 ± 7.36
M8 5.46 ± 0.08 10.72 ± 0.52 n.d. n.d. 3.97 ± 0.03 1.76 ± 0.05 5.77 ± 0.39 3.48 ± 0.42 637.21 ± 8.28 337.01 ± 10.57 937.66 ± 7.72 264.03 ± 4.82
M9 5.63 ± 0.14 7.33 ± 0.07 n.d. n.d. 4.35 ± 0.07 1.54 ± 0.04 9.01 ± 0.09 3.51 ± 0.06 652.90 ± 18.53 245.56 ± 3.13 939.14 ± 11.30 191.98 ± 3.76
M10 5.55 ± 0.08 5.37 ± 0.06 n.d. n.d. 1.72 ± 0.04 1.78 ± 0.04 5.27 ± 0.11 3.64 ± 0.08 639.53 ± 9.26 123.77 ± 3.53 934.09 ± 3.53 104.42 ± 12.43
M11 5.87 ± 0.34 11.53 ± 0.45 n.d. n.d. 3.52 ± 0.40 4.93 ± 0.05 7.48 ± 0.09 3.20 ± 0.21 786.95 ± 11.34 241.65 ± 8.37 1233.95 ± 8.89 185.17 ± 2.43
M12 5.04 ± 0.07 9.02 ± 0.33 n.d. n.d. 4.58 ± 0.14 1.87 ± 0.08 5.41 ± 0.17 4.16 ± 0.25 563.17 ± 9.55 312.96 ± 5.81 798.91 ± 9.75 238.10 ± 3.71
M13 4.56 ± 0.28 2.38 ± 0.04 n.d. n.d. 5.18 ± 0.06 1.91 ± 0.29 9.92 ± 0.14 n.d. 910.26 ± 15.37 277.95 ± 4.08 1572.74 ± 52.67 165.51 ± 10.95
M14 3.83 ± 0.17 7.22 ± 0.17 n.d. n.d. 15.37 ± 1.61 2.53 ± 0.01 6.96 ± 0.19 n.d. 771.99 ± 14.70 169.22 ± 6.68 1089.98 ± 27.17 186.48 ± 7.92
M15 4.43 ± 0.03 4.90 ± 0.19 n.d. n.d. 3.09 ± 0.05 1.40 ± 0.03 4.17 ± 0.09 n.d. 481.02 ± 5.92 172.87 ± 5.72 668.13 ± 4.77 155.32 ± 2.45
M16 5.44 ± 0.05 11.48 ± 0.16 n.d. n.d. 3.77 ± 0.05 1.54 ± 0.04 4.63 ± 0.19 n.d. 546.98 ± 11.62 315.84 ± 3.71 795.70 ± 2.43 247.33 ± 9.13
M17 8.33 ± 0.39 12.55 ± 0.39 n.d. n.d. 6.68 ± 0.04 1.84 ± 0.040 8.02 ± 0.01 4.41 ± 0.23 847.95 ± 9.62 369.22 ± 6.88 1316.66 ± 15.05 259.44 ± 7.52
M18 8.01 ± 0.35 12.01 ± 0.60 13.12 ± 0.13 n.d. 4.34 ± 0.08 7.43 ± 0.08 7.84 ± 0.35 4.02 ± 0.12 763.70 ± 20.17 299.45 ± 6.71 862.77 ± 11.13 236.36 ± 2.05
M19 7.05 ± 0.05 8.87 ± 0.04 n.d. n.d. 22.23 ± 0.04 2.60 ± 0.03 5.99 ± 0.20 3.93 ± 0.06 605.52 ± 5.30 204.90 ± 15.47 849.80 ± 9.29 201.99 ± 10.59
M20 4.68 ± 0.06 8.74 ± 0.03 n.d. n.d. 5.47 ± 0.14 1.73 ± 0.02 4.42 ± 0.16 3.18 ± 0.04 567.08 ± 11.60 314.19 ± 2.95 786.93 ± 14.70 244.97 ± 3.63
M21 10.88 ± 0.55 15.55 ± 0.25 n.d. n.d. 6.12 ± 0.04 5.40 ± 0.10 6.16 ± 0.41 4.14 ± 0.12 659.94 ± 15.17 436.48 ± 7.20 963.62 ± 9.50 421.77 ± 6.68
M22 4.72 ± 0.32 6.11 ± 0.14 n.d. n.d. 3.53 ± 0.04 1.49 ± 0.03 4.25 ± 0.15 3.25 ± 0.21 482.50 ± 12.12 259.25 ± 12.98 699.91 ± 8.26 220.96 ± 4.37
M23 2.64 ± 0.03 6.24 ± 0.17 n.d. n.d. 2.44 ± 0.04 5.77 ± 0.22 5.67 ± 0.17 3.06 ± 0.03 719.92 ± 17.56 200.94 ± 10.94 1235.46 ± 10.72 161.14 ± 1.85
M24 4.02 ± 0.54 3.35 ± 0.19 n.d. n.d. 2.04 ± 0.11 4.12 ± 0.48 8.80 ± 0.26 3.56 ± 0.57 865.90 ± 16.42 243.33 ± 17.16 1322.58 ± 25.78 382.49 ± 9.06
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation of triplicate samples
  2. n.d. not detected